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Revisiting Bank Receiverships: Operation of Bridge Banks, Disposition of Failed Bank Assets, Concerns for Existing Borrowers, and Risks for D&Os

Implications of Recent Bank Failures: Deposit Insurance, Bank Term Funding Program, Risk Management

Recording of a 90-minute premium CLE video webinar with Q&A

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Conducted on Wednesday, June 21, 2023

Recorded event now available

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This CLE webinar will examine certain legal and regulatory issues arising out of the bank receiverships in the wake of the Silicon Valley Bank (SVB), Signature Bank (SB), and First Republic Bank (FRB) failures. The panel will discuss the FDIC's general receivership authority, the formation and operation of bridge banks, the disposition of bank assets of failed banks, deposit diversification strategies, and the effect of receivership on existing loans in a bank's portfolio. The panel will also discuss possible changes in regulatory requirements, deposit insurance, and risk management monitoring that will likely result from recent bank failures, as well as lessons for boards of directors in properly exercising their fiduciary duties. Last, the panel will discuss risks posed to the directors, officers, and other institution-affiliated parties of failed banks and spillover considerations for sound corporate governance.


When SVB and SB were closed by regulators in March, the FDIC formed "bridge banks" to operate each insolvent bank until a buyer of the whole bank or specific bank assets could be found. After invoking the Federal Deposit Insurance Act’s systemic risk exception, the FDIC announced it would cover deposits in any amount and that FDIC-insured banks would be assessed an additional premium to cover the loss to the Deposit Insurance Fund. Separately, the Federal Reserve established the Bank Term Funding Program (BTFP) to provide secured term funding to eligible depository institutions and thus additional assurance that banks would have the liquidity to meet their deposit liabilities.

All of these events raise questions about how the FDIC and the Federal Reserve would address future bank failures. They also point to coming regulatory changes, including increased capital and liquidity requirements for regional banks, potential revisions to the deposit insurance system (including an increase to the $250,000 limit for at least some types of accounts) and increased scrutiny of banks' asset liability management strategies, with closer monitoring of interest rate, liquidity, and duration risk.

The FDIC as receiver has rights similar to a receiver in bankruptcy, including the power to repudiate unfunded loans, including lines of credit, construction, and other unfunded commitments. Borrowers must continue to repay existing loans. Borrowers may have setoff rights to the extent of deposits with the failed bank but must carefully review existing documents and applicable state law to assess their setoff rights. Parties to swaps and other derivatives should also evaluate the interplay between their loan and derivatives agreements.

Public criticism by regulators of the directors and officers of these failed institutions has sharpened the focus on sound corporate governance practices and implications for both the banking and business community.

Listen as our authoritative panel discusses the key takeaways from the SVB, SB, and FRB bank failures, including the operation of a bridge bank alongside a receivership, issues borrowers must consider with regard to loans held by a bank in receivership, the requirements associated with the BTFP, and risks that former officers, directors, and other institution-affiliated parties of failed banks face.



  1. Silicon Valley Bank, Signature Bank, and First Republic Bank: reasons behind their closures
  2. Formation and operation of a bridge bank vs. a receivership
  3. Disposition of assets through a bridge bank as opposed to receivership
  4. Bank Term Fund Program: eligible institutions and required collateral
  5. Deposit insurance: actions taken in connection with SVB and SB, potential expansion for banks generally
  6. Managing risk associated with bank assets: interest rate and duration
  7. Risks for former officers, directors, and institution-affiliated parties of failed banks
  8. Lessons learned for corporate governance


The panel will review these and other critical issues:

  • What factors led to the closures of SVB and SB, and what are the current risks for other banks?
  • Why did the FDIC create bridge banks in each instance as opposed to simply putting the banks in receivership?
  • What actions should borrowers under an existing credit facility take in response to a receiver's repudiation of an unfunded commitment?
  • Who is eligible to draw funds under the BTFP, and what kinds of collateral must be posted?
  • What should officers, directors, and institution-affiliated parties of insured depositories and business management be mindful of after the recent bank failures?


De Ghenghi, Luigi
Luigi L. De Ghenghi

Davis Polk & Wardwell

Mr. De Ghenghi focuses on bank regulatory advice, including Dodd-Frank Act implementation, M&A and capital markets...  |  Read More

Fornaris, Carl
Carl Fornaris

Partner, Co-Chair, Financial Services Practice, Co-Chair Digital Assets and Blockchain Technology Group
Winston & Strawn

Mr. Fornaris is co-chair of the Financial Services Practice and co-chair of the Digital Assets and Blockchain...  |  Read More

Singer, George
George H. Singer

Holland & Hart

Mr. Singer practices in the areas of corporate and commercial law, including finance, financial restructuring, capital...  |  Read More

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