Negotiating Contractual Indemnity in M&A Deals: Transactional and Litigation Considerations

Structuring Terms to Minimize Financial Risks

Recording of a 90-minute premium CLE webinar with Q&A

Conducted on Thursday, July 18, 2019

Recorded event now available

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Program Materials

This CLE webinar will guide M&A counsel on negotiating and drafting indemnification provisions in merger documents, asset purchase agreements, and stock purchase agreements. The panel will discuss best practices for addressing challenges that may arise with indemnification claims, explain the various theories of measuring damages for breach, and examine how insurance products are being used to cover indemnities.


Indemnification provisions are standard clauses in M&A contracts that help parties minimize financial loss if a deal goes south. Counsel negotiating indemnification terms must consider time, subject matter and dollar limitations, escrowed funds, setoff rights, and payment on indemnification. The risks of boilerplate provisions far offset the convenience.

Indemnity clauses are challenging to negotiate. The seller usually seeks to limit its indemnification liability while the buyer wants as much indemnification protection as possible.

Deal counsel must ensure that the indemnity provisions clearly describe the appropriate coverages and limitations and are properly coordinated with other provisions of the agreement. Deal counsel must also make sure that the indemnity provisions are enforceable against the seller's stockholders.

Counsel must also consider how damages will be determined in the event of a breach. Also, deal attorneys should evaluate and advise their clients on whether to purchase insurance products to cover indemnities.

Listen as our authoritative panel of deal attorneys explains current trends in negotiating indemnification provisions in M&A contracts. The panel will discuss strategies for limiting or expanding indemnification liability and enforcing indemnity clauses, including determining damages. The panel will also explain how insurance products are being used to cover indemnities.



  1. Negotiating indemnification provisions
    1. Types of damages covered
    2. Caps, baskets and other limitations
    3. Fraud exclusion
    4. Purchase price adjustment and double-dipping
    5. Defense of third-party claims
    6. Enforceability of indemnification obligations against non-signatories
    7. Evaluating and addressing creditworthiness of indemnitors
  2. Determining types of damages recoverable under indemnification provisions in the event of a breach
  3. The use of insurance products to cover indemnities


The panel will review these and other key issues:

  • What are the current trends in drafting and negotiating contractual indemnity provisions?
  • What are the most commonly disputed issues in M&A indemnity and what are some practical strategies for resolving them?
  • How can counsel for buyers expand indemnification protection and counsel for sellers limit indemnification liability when drafting and negotiating indemnity clauses?
  • How are damages for breach measured under indemnification provisions?
  • How are insurance products being used to cover indemnities?


Diakos, Joanna
Joanna Diakos

K&L Gates

Ms. Diakos is a litigation partner in the firm's New York City office. Her practice involves the representation of...  |  Read More

Koranda, Frank
Frank C. Koranda, Jr.


Mr. Koranda practices in corporate and finance transactional matters, principally in mergers and acquisitions. He...  |  Read More

Stark, Lisa
Lisa R. Stark

K&L Gates

Ms. Stark has nearly 15 years of corporate experience in mergers and acquisitions, strategic investments, initial...  |  Read More

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