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Commercial Leases: Structuring Tenant Build-Out, Improvement, Maintenance, and Repair Provisions

Landlord vs.Tenant Obligations, Approval Rights, Delivery of Premises, Indemnity Provisions, and More

Recording of a 90-minute premium CLE video webinar with Q&A

This program is included with the Strafford CLE Pass. Click for more information.
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Conducted on Thursday, March 16, 2023

Recorded event now available

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This CLE webinar will guide real estate counsel for landlords and tenants on best practices for drafting commercial lease agreements in connection with build-out considerations, trends in post-COVID negotiations, financing considerations and future maintenance and repair provisions.


Some of the most overlooked but potentially costly lease provisions address pre-leasing improvements, build-out, the role of financing in construction and future repair and maintenance issues. Provisions regarding the build-out of a premises should: address cost/financing issues; consider recent market trends; set realistic completion dates incorporating possible delays; and review future maintenance and repair obligations to ensure that all lease provisions work together to avoid costly mistakes.

Listen as our authoritative panel of commercial real estate practitioners discusses drafting and negotiating lease provisions regarding pre-commencement improvement, build-out, financial considerations and allocation of risk related to maintenance and repair.



  1. Current market trends in office, retail and industrial leasing
  2. Pre-commencement build-out provisions
    1. Approval of plans
    2. Change orders
    3. Cooperation of parties
    4. Delivery of premises
    5. Representations and warranties
  3. Landlord construction financing considerations
    1. Tenant Allowance and Commission Reserves
    2. Net Operating Income and DSCR calculations
  4. Functional maintenance and repair provisions
    1. Allocation of responsibilities in industrial leases
    2. HVAC systems
    3. Tenant vs. landlord obligations
    4. Conditions applicable to repairs
    5. Utilities, sewer lines, and parking lots


The panel will review these and other essential matters:

  • What are the key questions to address in pre-commencement build-out provisions, and what are the risks for the parties?
  • How do lenders and the post-COVID market influence construction?
  • What should pre-commencement repair and maintenance provisions include, and what are the risks for the parties?


Carey, Iryna
Iryna Lomaga Carey

Kurzman Eisenberg Corbin & Lever

Ms. Carey’s practice focuses on commercial real estate transactions including: commercial sales and...  |  Read More

Katz, Barry
Barry R. Katz

Saul Ewing

Mr. Katz focuses his practice on real estate and corporate law. He represents Fortune 500 companies, national lenders,...  |  Read More

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