Trademark Confusion: Proving or Defending Against Infringement

Addressing Forward, Reverse, Initial Interest, Post-Sale and Affiliation Confusion Challenges

Recording of a 90-minute premium CLE webinar with Q&A

Conducted on Tuesday, March 29, 2016

Recorded event now available

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Program Materials

This CLE webinar will prepare trademark counsel to understand the different types of trademark confusion and meet the challenges of each. The panel will discuss applications of the likelihood-of-confusion standard and will review recent developments in trademark confusion.


Virtually all trademark owners and their counsel wrestle with the complex issue of likelihood of confusion. Understanding the different types of trademark confusion is counsel’s first step to avoid the pitfalls in pursuing or defending against trademark infringement claims.

Forward, reverse, initial-interest, post-sale and affiliation confusion are the five main types that counsel must understand and identify.

Intelligence from experienced trademark counsel can prepare practitioners to guide clients in monitoring their marks and identifying and proving trademark infringement.

Listen as our authoritative panel of trademark attorneys examines the many types of trademark confusion, the challenges of each type and the recent court treatment of the different types. The panel will offer best practices for applying the likelihood-of-confusion standard.



  1. Types of trademark confusion
    1. Forward
    2. Reverse
    3. Initial interest
    4. Post-sale
    5. Affiliation
  2. Recent court treatment
  3. Best practices for applying the likelihood of confusion standard


The panel will review these and other key issues:

  • How are courts treating initial interest confusion and post-sale confusion?
  • What are the pitfalls of pursuing and defending against reverse trademark infringement claims?
  • What kinds of evidence are persuasive to prove likelihood of confusion?


Davis, Theodore
Theodore H. Davis, Jr.

Kilpatrick Townsend & Stockton

Mr. Davis's practice focuses on domestic and international litigation and client counseling in the fields of...  |  Read More

Litowitz, Robert
Robert D. Litowitz

Kelly IP

Mr. Litowitz has over 30 years of experience in litigating patents, trademarks, and other intellectual property...  |  Read More

Diane J. Mason
Diane J. Mason


Ms. Mason focuses her practice on assisting national and international clients in developing, maintaining and...  |  Read More

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