Tax Reporting of Cryptocurrency: Calculating Basis, Income, and Gain

Determining Character of Gain and Basis in Staking Rewards and Mined Currency

Note: CLE credit is not offered on this program

A live 110-minute CPE webinar with interactive Q&A

This program is included with the Strafford CPE Pass. Click for more information.
This program is included with the Strafford CPE+ Pass. Click for more information.
This program is included with the Strafford All-Access Pass. Click for more information.

Thursday, January 19, 2023

1:00pm-2:50pm EST, 10:00am-11:50am PST

Early Registration Discount Deadline, Friday, December 23, 2022

or call 1-800-926-7926

This course will provide tax advisers and compliance professionals with a practical look at IRS guidance on calculating and reporting income and gain on cryptocurrency (e.g., Bitcoin, Coinbase) transactions. The panel will discuss the IRS' position on cryptocurrency as property rather than cash, analyze IRS compliance monitoring, and define proper reporting and tax treatment for mining and exchanging cryptocurrency.


The IRS continues to press its concern over massive under-reporting of income from cryptocurrency transactions. The disclosure of information gained from enforcement of a John Doe summons issued to Coinbase showed that cryptocurrency investors' likely noncompliance rate could be as high as 90 percent. Tax advisers for clients with cryptocurrency holdings must understand the reporting requirements for exchange transactions and the IRS scrutiny cryptocurrency investors are likely to face in the future.

Cryptocurrency is a digital currency using encryption techniques--rather than a central bank--to generate, exchange, and transfer currency units. Uniquely, no bank or government authority verifies the transfer of funds. Investors may use "mining operations," purchase, receive payment, or transfer crypto units to and from another user.

The IRS treats all virtual currency as property rather than currency for U.S. tax purposes. The IRS generally requires reporting a virtual currency disposition as a sale or exchange of property, with the taxpayer bearing responsibility for calculating and maintaining basis in their virtual currency holdings. Although cryptocurrency is property, it is not real property and therefore is not eligible for Section 1031 treatment.

Questions remain unanswered concerning how to treat cryptocurrencies on foreign bank account reports (FBARs) and other foreign asset disclosure forms such as Form 8938.

Listen as our expert panel provides practical guidance on the U.S. tax reporting and payment duties arising from cryptocurrency transactions.



  1. Types of cryptocurrency
  2. Means of obtaining cryptocurrency
  3. Initial tax guidance issued in IR 2014-36 treating cryptocurrency as property
    1. Challenges in determining valuation and maintaining basis schedules of virtual currency holdings
    2. Tax reporting requirements for cryptocurrency exchanges
    3. Disclosure requirements for cryptocurrency ownership
  4. Revenue ruling 2019-24, hard forks and airdrops
  5. Staking rewards
    1. Challenges with determining staking income
    2. Income recognition timing
    3. Income valuation
  6. Questions on the tax treatment of virtual currency holdings and transactions
  7. Proposed legislation affecting cryptocurrency
  8. Reporting payments to employees and contractors
  9. Voluntary remedies to noncompliance


The panel will review these and other relevant issues:

  • Limitations on loss recognition on cryptocurrency transactions and exchanges
  • Income tax reporting requirements for cryptocurrency exchanges and valuations
  • IRS position on whether cryptocurrency exchanges qualify for 1031 treatment and the impact of the enacted tax reform
  • Challenges in determining the basis on mined cryptocurrency
  • How to properly account for hard forks as outlined in Revenue Ruling 2019-24


Polizzano, Brad
Brad Polizzano, J.D., LL.M.
Senior Manager
Baker Tilly US


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Rager, Matthew
Matthew (Matt) Rager, CPA

Director, Tax
Cohen & Company

Mr. Rager helps both individuals and companies in the investment industry navigate complex tax issues daily. Clients...  |  Read More

Sannicandro, Lawrence
Lawrence A. Sannicandro

McCarter & English

Mr. Sannicandro focuses his practice on federal and state tax controversies, including representation in audits,...  |  Read More

Attend on January 19

Early Discount (through 12/23/22)

CPE credit processing is available for an additional fee of $39.
CPE processing must be ordered prior to the event. See NASBA details.

Cannot Attend January 19?

Early Discount (through 12/23/22)

CPE credit is not available on downloads.