Interest Deduction Limitations Under Section 163(j): New Proposed Regulations, Application to Partnerships and CFCs

Rules for Computing ATI, Determining Deduction Cap, Special Carryover and Transition Rules, Elections and Exemptions

A live 90-minute premium CLE/CPE webinar with interactive Q&A


Wednesday, March 20, 2019

1:00pm-2:30pm EDT, 10:00am-11:30am PDT

Early Registration Discount Deadline, Friday, February 22, 2019

or call 1-800-926-7926

This CLE/CPE webinar will address recently proposed Treasury regulations on interest deduction limitations under new Section 163(j). The panel will discuss the impact of the regulations on partnerships and CFCs, rules for computing ATI and determining the deduction cap, special carryover and transition rules, elections and exemptions, and offer methods to ensure tax savings.

Description

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “TCJA,” P.L. 115-97 (2017) amended Section 163(j). Before the TCJA, old Section 163(j) limited the deductibility of interest paid or accrued by a corporate taxpayer to a related person if that interest was exempt (in whole or in part) from U.S. tax. After the TCJA, new Section 163(j) limits the deductibility of interest in many additional situations. The new Section 163(j) limitations on business interest deductibility create significant tax consequences for many partnerships. This broad business interest limitation rule applies to all taxpayers, with limited exceptions, reducing a taxpayer's ability to deduct interest expenses. Tax advisers to partnerships need a clear understanding of the impact of the new rules limiting deductibility and recently proposed regulations to avoid unanticipated tax costs.

Under new Section 163(j), a taxpayer cannot deduct business interest expense for a taxable year to the extent that the interest expense exceeds the sum of:

  • The taxpayer’s business interest income for the taxable year;
  • 30 percent of the taxpayer’s adjusted taxable income (“ATI”) for the taxable year, or zero if the taxpayer’s ATI for the taxable year is less than zero; and,
  • The taxpayer’s floor plan financing interest expense for the taxable year (this relates mostly to car and boat dealers).

After 2021, the ATI calculation will include depreciation and amortization, making taxpayers more likely to be subject to the limitation.

The deduction limitations will likely hit many partnerships particularly hard, especially those holding leveraged real estate. The law contains exceptions for defined small businesses, as well as elections for certain real estate partnerships to opt out of the limitations. Advisers must also consider the rules' impact on controlled foreign corporations (CFCs) and their shareholders.

Listen as our experienced panel provides a thorough and practical guide to the new Section 163(j) business interest deduction limitations for partnerships, CFCs and their shareholders.

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Outline

  1. Contrasting new Section 163(j) treatment of business interest with prior statute treatment
  2. The impact of Section 163(j) on partnerships and CFCs
  3. Calculating ATI to arrive at 30% deduction limitation
  4. Small business exception
  5. Aggregation rules
  6. Opt-out election for specific real estate partnerships
  7. Partnership carryover special rules

Benefits

The panel will review these and other relevant topics:

  • The impact of new Section 163(j) on partnerships and CFCs
  • Critical provisions of recently proposed Treasury regulations
  • Specific exceptions to the application of new Section 163(j)
  • How to calculate ATI for purposes of determining deduction limitations
  • Elections for real property trades or businesses, and
  • Special carryforward rules on excess partnership interest expense

Faculty

Raghuvanshi, Pallav
Pallav Raghuvanshi

Atty
Greenberg Traurig

Mr. Raghuvanshi focuses his practice on U.S. and international tax matters in the context of corporate restructurings...  |  Read More

Wiesen, Dina A.
Dina A. Wiesen
Senior Manager, National Tax Office, Passthroughs
Deloitte Tax

Ms. Wiesen specializes in partnership taxation, specifically the use of partnerships and limited liability companies in...  |  Read More

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